Adopting an old Roman practice, the Christian Church adopted burning as a favoured form of capital punishment. Under the Byzantine Empire, burning was introduced as a punishment for Zoroastrians because of the erroneous belief that they worshiped fire. The Christian Emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) ordered death by fire, and confiscation of all possessions by the State as the punishment for heresy against the Christian faith in his Codex Iustiniani (CJ .), ratifying the decrees of his predecessors the Christian Emperors Arcadius and Flavius Augustus Honorius.
South Africa : two small pictures of unofficial (kangaroo court) whippings, 1996 and 2004 Somalia : Inept public flogging of two youths, 2009 (also video clip) Somalia : Isaaq, Jeylani, 45, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Omar, Mohamed, 58, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Woman pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Shogow, Mohamed, 19, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Sudan : unnamed woman pictured being publicly flogged in the street, 2010 (also video clip) Uganda : woman publicly caned, 2012 (also video clip)