Nietzsche genealogy of morals essay questions

A closely related point to this culturally- and historically-determined view of race is that Nietzsche did not advocate racial segregation. Rather, he tended to think that the mixing of races/cultures could potentially—though definitely not invariably—give rise to great individuals of the likes of Alcibiades, Caesar, and Leonardo da Vinci, provided that one is sufficiently endowed with self-control so as to tame and productively fuse the various “irreconcilable drives” that one inherits from such mixing. In fact, Nietzsche considered himself to be “mixed racially,” which is precisely why, he explains, he does not feel “tempted to participate in the mendacious racial self-admiration and racial indecency that parades in Germany today.”

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a German philosopher, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. Because of Nietzsche's evocative style and provocative ideas, his philosophy generates passionate reactions. His works remain controversial, due to varying interpretations and misinterpretations of his work. In the Western philosophy tradition, Nietzsche's writings have been described as the unique case of free revolutionary thought, that is, revolutionary in its structure and problems, although not tied to any revolutionary project.

In 1873, Nietzsche began to accumulate notes that would be posthumously published as Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks . Between 1873 and 1876, he published four separate long essays: " David Strauss : the Confessor and the Writer", "On the Use and Abuse of History for Life", "Schopenhauer as Educator" and "Richard Wagner in Bayreuth". These four later appeared in a collected edition under the title Untimely Meditations . The essays shared the orientation of a cultural critique, challenging the developing German culture along lines suggested by Schopenhauer and Wagner. During this time, in the circle of the Wagners, Nietzsche met Malwida von Meysenbug and Hans von Bülow , and also began a friendship with Paul Rée , who in 1876 influenced him into dismissing the pessimism in his early writings. However, he was deeply disappointed by the Bayreuth Festival of 1876, where the banality of the shows and baseness of the public repelled him. He was also alienated by Wagner's championing of "German culture", which Nietzsche felt a contradiction in terms, as well as by Wagner's celebration of his fame among the German public. All this contributed to Nietzsche's subsequent decision to distance himself from Wagner.

In sum, then, genealogy marks the entrance of the political to the realm of history. It cleaves to an embodied, positioned subject even as it traces the annihilation of such subjects, such positions, such bodies through the history of History. As Nietzsche broke from historical traditions, Foucault breaks from his own, archaeological patterns. Closer affiliation to the subjugated, the silenced, the lost, will all mark his work in his later career. Arguably a maturation, certainly the emergence of a shifted paradigm for thought, Foucault’s ‘return to’ Nietzsche begs the further question of a certain Foucault to which (to whom?) contemporary theorists might seek to return.

Nietzsche genealogy of morals essay questions

nietzsche genealogy of morals essay questions

In sum, then, genealogy marks the entrance of the political to the realm of history. It cleaves to an embodied, positioned subject even as it traces the annihilation of such subjects, such positions, such bodies through the history of History. As Nietzsche broke from historical traditions, Foucault breaks from his own, archaeological patterns. Closer affiliation to the subjugated, the silenced, the lost, will all mark his work in his later career. Arguably a maturation, certainly the emergence of a shifted paradigm for thought, Foucault’s ‘return to’ Nietzsche begs the further question of a certain Foucault to which (to whom?) contemporary theorists might seek to return.

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