The U. S. Department of Commerce Boulder Labs are scientific laboratories including NIST, NOAA and NTIA. Clustered on the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Boulder Colorado, these labs are the home of scientific research and engineering in the fields of electromagnetics, materials reliability. optoelectronics, quantum electronics and physics, time and frequency, earth systems, weather and telecommunications. NOAA Finance and Administrative Services Offices located in Boulder offer services in Acquisition, Workforce Management, Facilities Management and Information Technology to their customers, both in Boulder and around the world.
E-commerce has the capability to integrate all inter-company and intra-company functions, meaning that the three flows (physical flow, financial flow and information flow) of the supply chain could be also affected by e-commerce. The affections on physical flows improved the way of product and inventory movement level for companies. For the information flows, e-commerce optimised the capacity of information processing than companies used to have, and for the financial flows, e-commerce allows companies to have more efficient payment and settlement solutions.