Bioethanol thesis

In March 2003, Volkswagen launched in the Brazilian market the Gol Total Flex, the first commercial flexible fuel vehicle capable of running on any blend of gasoline and ethanol. [39] [40] [41] Chevrolet followed three months later with the Corsa Flexpower, using an engine developed by a joint-venture with Fiat called PowerTrain. [42] That year production of full flex-fuel reached 39,853 automobiles and 9,411 light commercial vehicles. By 2008, popular manufacturers that build flexible fuel vehicles are Chevrolet , Fiat , Ford , Peugeot , Renault , Volkswagen , Honda , Mitsubishi , Toyota and Citroën . [43] Nissan launched its first flex fuel in the Brazilian market in 2009 [44] and Kia Motors in 2010. [45] Flexible-fuel vehicles were 22% of the car sales in 2004, 73% in 2005, [46] % in July 2008, [47] and reached a record 94% in August 2009. [48] The production of flex-fuel cars and light commercial vehicles reached the milestone of 10 million vehicles in March 2010, [49] [50] and million units by March 2012. [51] As of December 2011, the fleet of flex automobiles and light commercial vehicles had reached million vehicles, [20] [21] representing 21% of Brazil's motor vehicle fleet and % of all registered light vehicles. [52]

Bioethanol thesis

bioethanol thesis

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