By 1990, the African-American population reached about 30 million and represented 12 percent of the United States population, roughly the same proportion as in 1900. In current demographics, according to 2005 United States Census figures, some million African-Americans live in the United States , comprising percent of the total population. African-Americans were once the largest minority in the United States, but are now second, only behind Hispanics or Latinos of any race. At the time of the 2000 Census, percent of African-Americans lived in the South . In that year, percent of African-Americans lived in the Northeast and percent in the Midwest, while only percent lived in the western states . The west does have a sizable Black population in certain areas, however. California, the nation's most populous state, has the fifth largest African-American population, behind only New York, Texas, Georgia, and Florida.